A sentence is a word or group of words that must express a whole idea or knowledge or meaning and have a subject and a verb.
We learn English.
( Here ‘we’ is subject, ‘learn’ is verb and ‘English’ is object.)
Note : (Also it can contain any object or supplement and the words must be correctly ordered.)
Basically, a sentence has two parts. Such as:
- a) Subject ,
- b) Predicate.
* Subject : The person or thing about which something is said or written is called the subject.
*Predicate : It is called which tells or writes about the subject.
For example — in the above example, ‘ we’ is subject and ‘learn English ‘ is predicate.
Note: A sentence usually begins with a subject and then prediction comes.
- Kinds of Sentence :The sentence can be classified into five categories according to meaning or function.
- a) Assertive sentence,
- b) Interrogative sentence,
- c) Imperative sentence,
- d) Optative sentence and
- e) Exclamatory sentence.
Assertive sentence : An assertive sentence is a simple or general statement.
We visit “the fast online solution” to know real informations.
They don’t know English Grammar.
( Structure : Subject + verb + object+ complement/adverb/adjective.
Interrogative sentence : An interrogative sentence asks questions about a person or thing.
Are you Sharmin?
Who are you?
(Structure : WH +auxiliary verb + subject + extention…?
[Note: There are two ways to construct interrogative sentences.
Fastly,beginning with helping verb.
Secondly,beginning with some specific words like who, what etc which are known as ‘WH’ question. ]
Imperative sentence : A sentence that expresses a request, order, order, advice, advice, etc., is an imperative sentence.
Don’t run in the sun
Please, read the form.
( Structure : Subject (Invisible) + verb + object)
Optative sentence : Wish, desire, prayer, etc. are expressed by the Optative sentence.
May Allah bless you.
Wish you be successful in the exam.
Exclamatory sentence : Exclamation is a sentence that expresses a sudden / sudden feeling or emotion such as surprise, pain, joy, anger, hatred, etc.
Hurry! Our solider has won in the battle fields.
Alas! He has failed the competition.
(Structure :Alas/ Hurrah/ Bravo/+ What/ How + a/an + adjective + sub + verb!
- Structure of Sentence: There are three types of sentences according to the structure. such as:
- 1) Simple sentence,
- 2) Compound sentence and
- 3) Complex sentence.
Simple Sentence :The simple sentence is structured by just one subject and one finite verb.There is only one distinct clause in the general sentence.
Saudi Arab is a developed country.
Flower is the symbol of love.
(Structure : Subject + finite verb + complement
Compound Sentence : A sentence having more than one principal clauses, linked by one or more coordinating conjunctions, preceded by a comma that is called compound sentence.
(Note: Conjunctions are used in compound sentence such as : but, by, or, etc.)
Read books or we cannot enrich our general knowledge.
She was beautiful but dishonest.
Complex Sentence : A sentence consisting of a main clause and one or more sub-ordinate clause is a complex sentence.
(Note :Sub-ordinate clause begins with conjunction like who, which, that, when, how, where, while, if, in spite of, because etc.)
If you come, I will go there.
In spite of being poor, he is honest.