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English Grammar: Tense Definitions Types Of Tense

Tense : Tense is the time to perform a task. It refers to time which can be present, past or future.Tense | fast online solution

For example :

  • I drive the car.
  • I drived the car.
  • I ‘ll drive the car.

Here the above sentences refer to present, past and future work respectively.

Also read : Kinds of Sentence , Articles, English Alphabet Learning  For Baby  

Kinds of Tense : There are three  types of tense according to the function of the verb.such as :

  • Present tense,
  • Past tense and
  • Future tense.

For example :

  • We go to Riyadh International Airport.
  • We went to Riyadh  International Airport.
  • We’ll go to  Riyadh International Airport.

[ A ] Present Tense : The work which is done or is done now that is called the present tense. such as : He goes to New York, They are calling him etc.

Structure : Subject +( verb1) + objects.

[ B ] Past Tense : The work which has been done or happened in the past that is called past tense.such as : He went to London. We were reading this text.

Structure : Subject + (verb2) + objects.

[ C ]  Future Tense :  Future tense means that any work will be completed in the future. such as : He will go to market tomorrow. We’ll be reading this text.

Structure : Subject + shall/will + (verb1) + objects.

Each of the above tense can be divided into four categories. such as :

  • Present indefinite tense,
  • Present continues tense,
  • Present Perfect  tense,
  • Present perfect continue tense.

[ 1 ] Present Indefinite Tense : Present indefinite tense means that a work is done or is done in the present tense or it means universal truth, near future, habitual nature etc.

For example : 

  • We love our parents.
  • He does the work.
  • The earth is round .

Structure : Subject + (verb1)+ s/es + objects.

(Note : If the subject is third person singular then s or es has to be added to the main verb.)

[ 2 ] Present Continuous Tense :  The present continuous tense refers to any work being done or going on in the present tense.

For example : 

  • We are talking with them.
  • They are eating food.
  • I am driving the car.

Structure : Subject + am/is/are + verb + ing + object.

[ 3 ] Present Perfect Tense :   Any work that has just been completed in the present tense but its result still exists is called present perfect tense.

For example :

  • We have done the work.
  • They’ve gone to market to buy some fruits.
  • I have compared to read the text.

Structure : Subject + have/has +( verb3) + object.

[ 4 ] Present perfect Continuous Tense : The present perfect continuous tense means that it is still happening or is still going on.

For example :

  • We have been doing the work.
  • They have been going to market.
  • He has been completing to read the text.

Structure : Subject + have been/has been + (verb3) + object.

[ 1 ] Past Indefinite Tense :  Past indefinite tense means when a work is usually done in the past.

For example :

  • We respected him.
  • They talked too much.
  • He saw birds in the sky.

Structure : Subject +( verb2) + object.

[ 2] Past Continuous Tense :   Past continuous tense means any work being done or going on in the past.

For example : 

  • We were visiting the valuable website.
  • They were jointing to the meeting.
  • He was reading the text.

Structure : Subject + was/were + verb +ing + object.

[ 3 ] Past Perfect Tense : If two things have been done in the past. The one that happened earlier is called the past perfect tense and the one that happened later is called the past indefinite tense.

For example : 

  • We had respected him before he died.
  • They had joined the meeting before it finished.
  • He had reached the Railway Station before the train left.

Structure :  Subject + had +( verb3) + object + before + Subject + (verb2)

[ 4 ] Past Perfect Continuous Tense :     Past perfect continuous tense means that any work in the past started before any particular time and continued till that time.

If two verbs are mentioned here, then the work that was going on before is Past perfect continuous tense.

For example : 

  • We had been respecting him before he died.
  • They had been jointing the meeting before it finished.
  • He had been reaching the Railway Station before the train left.

Structure : Subject + had been +( verb + ing) + object + before + subject + (verb2)

[ 1 ] Future Indefinite Tense :  The future indefinite tense means that something will happen in the future.

For example :

  • We’ll respect him.
  • They will joint the meeting.
  • He will reach the railway station tomorrow.

Structure : Subject + shall/will + (verb1) + object.

[ 2 ] Future Continuous Tense :  Future continuous tense means any work that will continue or will continue for some time in the future.

For example :

  • We’ll be respecting him.
  • They will be joining the meeting.
  • He will be reaching the railway station.

Structure : Subject + shall be/will be + verb +ing + object.

[ 3 ] Future Perfect Tense :   The future perfect tense means the one that precedes two future actions and the future indefinite tense is the one that happens later.

For example :

  • We’ll have respected him.
  • They will have joined the meeting before it will finish.
  • He will have reached the railway station before the train will left.

Structure : Subject + shall have/will have + (verb3) + object + before + subject + shall/will + (verb1)  + object.

[ 4 ] Future Perfect Continuous Tense :  This means that one of the two actions in the future will continue for some time before the other starts, so the previous action is called future perfect continuous tense and the next action is called future indefinite tense.

For example : 

  • We shall have been respecting him before he will die.
  • They will have been jointing the meeting before the it will finish.
  • He will have been reaching the railway station before the train will left.

Structure : Subject + shall have been/will have been + verb + ing + object + before + subject + shall/will + (verb1) + object.

Conclusion : Tense is called the soul of English. So if you want to learn English properly, you have to learn tense in an authentic way.

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