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Articles : English Grammar

Welcome to our online baby learning school. If you would like to look for how to learn English Grammar Article  correctly, you are right place and this post is just for you.

A, an and the are called Articles.

  • Article two types : such as 

{ 1 }  Definite Article 

{ 2 }  Indefinite Article 

Definite Article : This is called a definite article because it refers to a specific personuniversal truth, animal or object.

Example ———-

  • The earth is round.
  • Riyadh is the capital of Saudi Arabia .
  • Sultana reads the holy book.

Some of the important rules of definite article :  

[ 1 ]  The singular and plural of the common noun that specifies the number is preceded by the.

  • It is a mango tree.
  • The tree is very useful.
  • The girl recite the book gradually.

[ 2 ]  The singular common noun is preceded by the.

  • The cow gives us milk.
  • The rose is very nice flower.

[ 3 ]  Mankind does not sit before man and women.

  • The man is mortal. ( incorrect)
  • Man is mortal. ( Correct)

[ 4 ]  Rivers sit before the names of rivers, seas, bays, mountain ranges, islands, ships, etc.Such as –

  • The Andamans,
  • The Himalayas,
  • The Titanic.

[ 5 ] The name sits before the name of scriptures and magazines.Such as –

  • The holy Quran,
  • The Daily sun.

[ 6 ]  Single Object – Earth, Moon, Sun, East, West, North, South, etc. sits before the name.

  • The sun,
  • the earth,
  • the moon.

[ 7 ]  The descriptive or meaningful name is preceded by the.

  • The U.S.A., the panjab.

[ 8 ] The sits before the name of the date.

  • The 10th March.

[ 9 ]  The name sits before the name of the race and community.

  • The rich,
  • The poor,
  • The Muslims.

[ 10 ] In superlative degree the adjective is preceded by the.

  • He is the best student  in the class.

[ 11 ]  The material does not sit before the noun. However, the specific place or type of the sit.

  • The Diamond of Africa is famous.

[ 12 ] Proper noun is preceded by an adjective.

  • The great Akbar was a mighty ruler.

[ 13 ]  If the identifiable name of the clan or family is plural, it is preceded by the.

  • The Mirza,
  • the Khans,
  • The Pathans,
  • The Sheikh,
  • The Sikder etc.

[ 14 ]  If the word expressing the number sits in the unit sense then the sits before it.

  • Eggs are sold by the dozens.

[ 15 ] The musical instrument is preceded by the.

  • I can’t play the Guitar.
  • The cowboy can play the flute well.

[ 16 ]  Some instruments and the sit before the discovery.

  • Markoni invented the radio.
  • The bicycles is an easy means of transport.

Omission of definite article:

1. If the name of the author of the famous book is before the book, the does not sit. But if the author’s name is not before the sit.

  • The Gitanjoli of  Robindranath is very popular book.

2. Do not sit before the name of the road, avenue, square, park.

  • He is visiting  to —- park.

3. The name does not precede the language.

  • —- Arabi is our mother lsnguge.
  • —– English is an international language.

4. But if the word language is mentioned after the name of the language, the sits.

  • The English language is international.

5. The does not sit before the name of the lake.Such as –

  • Lake Superior
  • , Lake Baikal,
  • Lake Caspian.

6. Do not sit before the name of the day or month.

  • —– Friday is holyday.

7. Do not sit before the name of the disease.

  • —— Fever has broken out in the home.

8. Do not sit before the name of Allah or God.

  • —– Allah has created us.

9. The body does not sit before the limbs and clothing.

  • —– Raise your right hand.
  • ——– Put off your shirt.

10. Do not sit before the travel-related vehicle or travel route.

  • —– by bus,
  • —— by train
  • ——- by launch.

 

Indefinite Article :  A and an are called indefinite articles because they refer to an indefinite person, animal or object. Usually the singular countable noun is preceded by a or an.

Example ————–

He has a book.

It is an elephant.

The like to have an apple.

Use of A and An : 

1. Usually  a precedes the consonant and an before the vowel (a, e, i, o, u).

  • A hen,
  • a book,
  • a pen,
  • an apple,
  • an egg,
  • an orange.

2. If there is h at the beginning of the word and if h is pronounced like h then a precedes it. But if h is pronounced o or any other pronunciation, it is preceded by an.

  • A horse,
  • a historian,
  • an honest man,
  • an hour.

3. If a word has a vowel at the beginning and its pronunciation is like u, it is preceded by a.

An ewe, a European, a uniform, a university, a useful metal.

4. An sits before a word consisting of O. Only one word is preceded by a.Such as-

  • an open field
  • an open heart surgery
  • an opera,
  • an orange,
  • a one taka note
  • a one eyed man.

5. Short form i.e. the first letter of the abbreviation is pronounced like a vowel followed by an. But when the first letter of the abbreviation is pronounced like a consonant, it is preceded by a.

  • An –   M.B.B.S
  • An –   F.C.P.S,
  • An –    M.A,
  • A –      B.A,
  • A –     B.Sc.

Other uses of A and An : 

1. a / an precedes all singular common nouns.

  • A tiger is a dangerous animal.
  • An ant is an industrious insect.

2. A / an precedes a person or object.

  • He bought an orange,
  • He lives in a tiny room.

3. A / an is placed before the singular common noun to express the meaning of something similar (the same, the certain) etc.Such as:

  • Birds of a feather flock together.
  • Criminals are of a (the same) character.
  • There lived a farmer.

4. A is sometimes used in the sense of preposition. Such a is called disguised preposition.For example:

  • He went a (on) fishing,
  • She went a (on) shopping.

5. Few, little, good many, lot of, great many, good deal, etc. A / an sits before the plural noun. Sometimes a / an sits after many.

Such as:

  • I have a few friends here.
  • The library has a lot of books.
  • The rich man has a good deal with money
  • Many a man was present in the meeting.

6. Numerical words- a sits before dozen, hundred, thousand, million, couple, score, etc.

7. Exclamation means what, how, why, etc. is followed by a.

  • What a beautiful lady!
  • How nice a bird!

8. Singular common noun – sits a / an before quite, many, rather, but, more.

  • She is rather a pious girl.
  • You are an ideal boy.

9. Mr./Mrs./Miss is preceded by a / an.

  • A Mr. Ashik called in his house.
  • A Mrs. Habiba sought his help.

 

Omission of a / an:

1. A / an does not sit before meals. However, if the adjective sits before the meal (meals) a / an sits.

(Incorrect) We have a dinner at 8.00 pm.

(Correct) We have dinner at 8.00 pm.

(Incorrect) We had good breakfast yesterday.

(Correct) We had a good breakfast yesterday.

2. A / an does not precede the plural noun.

  • Flowers are beautiful.
  • Trees are useful.

3. Uncountable nouns such as – advice, information, news, baggage, water, milk, oil, tea, paper, etc. do not sit a / an before.

  • He gave me some information.
  • He take tea.
  •  drinks water.

However, if there are some measure words that can be measured, a / an is placed before it.

  • Give me a glass of water.

4. We don’t use A/AN with possessive pronouns, demonstratives or cardinal numbers.

  • My shirt is dirty.
  • This car is expensive.
  • One person is in the reception.

By using these study tips, you will be able to learn the article naturally.

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